The issue off nurse migration is close to my heart since I am connected to the two countries that export the majority of nurses—the Philippines and India. In the Philippines, thousands graduate each year each hoping to land a job in a foreign land. Not they lack the yearning for service to their own people but because opportunities in their native land are rare, the remuneration a pittance, and the patient to nurse ratio unparalleled to those in the Western world.
In India, nurses come mostly from the Christian south, predominantly in the state of Kerala. This is because in other states, women (and a few men) do not see the appropriateness of caring for the sick across genders as appropriate. Many families in Kerala have a member of the family as a nurse. Numerous nursing schools have sprouted in nearby states like Karnataka to keep up with the demand for this area of study. However, nursing pay in India like the Philippines is not commensurate to the workload that they are expected to do.
Until such time that institutions employing nurses change salary structures that are proportionate to the amount of work, job related health-risks, length of education, and public demands, migration of nurses will never cease. Nurses, like other professionals will always seek other areas that have professional-parity. And this they should. Nursing, being a predominantly female-dominated profession, must have its membership fight for equal pay for equal work. Unfortunately, today in India and the Philippines, this is but a dream. It is therefore a reality that nurses from these countries will always migrate to where their status as professionals will be valued and remunerated justly in return.